Ipecacuanha represents a small herbaly plant which has quite thin stalk and some evergreen opposite leaves widely-lantsetnoy of a form. Height of a stalk varies ranging from 15 to 60 cm. On a top of each stalk the beautiful inflorescence develops. The anthodium consists of small tubular flowers of a snow-white shade.
Ipecacuanha roots have special medicinal value. They contain such alkaloids, as emetin, ametamin, psikhotrin, protoemetin and tsefaelin. In addition there are various acids, saponina and phytosterol. The raw materials from roots are widely used as powerful expectorant tool. As a rule, apply various spirit and water infusions, extracts and syrups. In small doses these means cause fast fluidifying and an effective otkhozhdeniye of a phlegm.
The sum of unique active ingredients of a plant considerably strengthens secretion of bronchial glands, increasing activity of fibers of a typical vibrating epithelium of airways. Uslovnoreflektorny developing of vomiting is caused by overdose of an emetin. It has powerful chemotherapeutic effect on the parasitic causative agent of amoebic dysentery, and also on other elementary microorganisms.